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The 4/11 Team by Neil Cole & Paul Kaak

The 4-1-1 on the 4/11 Team: Leadership Roles for Church Multiplication Movements
These are the notes that are part of the powerpoint presentation that is involved in some of our Organic Church Planting Training, by Neil Cole, Paul Kaak and Church Multiplication Associates

I. Foundational thoughts

A. Christ’s Gifts to the Church

1. The 4/11 team are gifts from Christ to the church.
2. They are not spiritual enablements, but people who equip those who have spiritual gifts/enablements to do the work of ministry (v.16).
3. He gave each of us gifts (v. 7) but He also gave some as apostles, some as prophets, some as evangelists, and some as shepherds, and teachers (v.11).
4. Not all are one of these gifts (1 Cor. 12:29-30).
5. These are leadership functions, not titles, positions or offices. They are more regional and broader in influence than the elder/deacon roles found in each church.
6. Four sources of revelation for these concepts:

a. The terminology itself. (apostolos, etc.)
b. The brief passages of Scripture that addresses the subject.
c. The people who are examples in the New Testament (Philip the evangelist, etc.)
d. Your own walk with the Spirit of God

B. A Word about the continuation of apostles

1. There were stringent requirements for the selection of the Twelve Apostles (Acts 1:21-22)
2. There are only to be twelve, their names will be on the twelve cornerstones of the new Jerusalem (Rev. 21:14)
3. “the Twelve” was a special term (1 Cor. 15:5)
4. There were apostles who were not of the twelve (1 Cor. 15:5-9)

“He appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve. After that He appeared to more than 500 brethren at one time, most of whom remain until now, but some have fallen asleep; then He appeared to James, then to all the apostles; and last of all, as to one untimely born, He appeared to me also. For I am the least of the apostles.” 1 Cor. 15:5-9

5. Junias was a woman apostle (Rom. 16:7)
6. There will be apostles and prophets in the last days (Rev. 18:20)

II. The Roles of Ephesians 4:11

A The Apostle: A sent one to lay a foundation for the expansion of the church with a specific God given assignment.
1 A sent one (“apostlos”) is often looking for new places and people to spread the kingdom of God.
2 Lays a foundation in a given region or movement (Ephesians 2:19-22; ) and does not build on another’s foundation (Rom. 15:20-21).
3 Often unappreciated by contemporaries (1 Cor. 4:9-13; 2 Cor. 12:15), but looked upon favorably by history (Heb. 13:7-8).
4 Identifies/empowers leaders quickly, and is often the one who will call out the other 4/11 leaders (1 Tim. 1:18; 4:13-16; Acts 14:23).
5 Reads cultures and sees open doors for the message (1 Cor. 9:19-23; 16:7-9; 2 Cor. 2:12)
6 Is passionate for the churches (2 Cor. 11:28; 1 Thess 2:7-12)
7 But is driven by concern for the captives (1 Cor. 9:18, 23; Rom. 10:1)
8 Has a patriarchal authority rather than positional (1 Cor. 9:1-2; 2 Cor. 3:1-3; Philemon 9, 1 Thess. 2:11; 1 Tim. 1:2)

B The Prophet: One who hears and speaks a specific word from God to a distinct person or persons.
1 The rules have changed since the days of the OT prophet (Heb.1:1-3)
2 Encourager, Comforter, Strengthener (1 Cor. 14:3)
3 Messenger (1 Cor. 14:4)
4 Often unappreciated (James 5:10-11)
5 Speaks for God (1 Cor. 14:25, 30-33)
6 Speaks of the future (1 Tim. 4:14; Acts 20:23; 21:10-11)
7 Tells the truth with out fear of consequence
8 Subject to the other prophets for verification (1 Cor. 14:32)

The 4/11 start-and-go team
Apostles & Prophets are the foundation of the church. They function as a start-up team that can initiate the momentum and get down all the needed parts for self-perpetuation and self-propagation of the churches (Ephesians 2:19-22).
This team is especially designed by God to start a movement of church multiplication—identifying good soil, reading the culture, discovering open doors, finding person’s of peace, calling the church to holiness, establishing a healthy DNA and identifying emerging leaders for the continuation of the church.

C. The Evangelist: One who is called to passionately seek out opportunities to share the gospel with others and lead them toward acceptance of Christ.
1 Good News teller (“euangelistes”)
2 Driven to share the gospel (2 Tim. 4:1-5; 1 Cor. 9:16-18).
3 Often more comfortable with lost than found (1 Cor. 9:19-23).
4 Makes opportunities happen (Col. 4:5-6; Acts 8:40).
5 Listens closely to the promptings of God (Acts 8:26, 29).
6 Seeks opportunities to share the gospel (Col. 4:3-4).

D. Shepherd: One who has an overwhelming concern for the continuing care for a specific community.
1. Protects and cares for the flock (Acts 20:28-31; John 10:11-13)
2. Makes sure they are well fed (Psalm 23:1-3).
3. Strengthens the weak and searches for the lost sheep (Matt. 18:12-14; Luke 15:4).
4. Values intimacy (John 10:3, 13-15).
5. Leads by example, not for personal gain, and is trusted by the flock because he/she has relational authority not positional (John 10:4-5, 27; 1 Peter 5:1-3).

E. Teacher: One responsible for progressive growth in understanding and application of truth.
1. Gift of teaching (Rom. 12:7).
2. Facilitates learning of truth and a kingdom lifestyle (Col. 1:9-10; 1 Tim. 1:5-7; 4:6; Titus 2).
3. Mentors on a personal level (1 Tim. 1:2; 2 Tim. 2:1-2; 3:10-15).
4. Aim people in correct direction (Phil. 3:15-17).
5. Instructs, corrects, trains in righteousness (2 Tim. 3: 16-17; Tit. 2:15.
6. Teaches by example under a fear of God (1 Tim. 4:16; 2 Tim. 2:15). There is not a need for many teachers (James 3:1).
7. Continuing to expose false assumptions and reveal actual truth (2 Cor. 10:5; 2 Tim. 2:24-26; Titus 1:9; Col. 2:8).
8. Authority comes from the truth rather than position (Matt. 7:28-29)

The 4/11stay-and-grow team
Evangelists, Shepherds & Teachers function as the set-up team that builds up the body for ongoing growth, health and direction.
Notice that each team (start-up and set-up) starts with a gift dedicated to out reach.
The DNA of the kingdom of God is Divine Truth, Nurturing Relationships and Apostolic Mission.
Notice that the DNA is present in the set-up team:
D-teaching N-shepherding A-evangelizing


F. The 4/11 Team builds a healthy body
1. The Apostle functions like the glandular system in that it instills in the body what is needed to dictate the development, mood and reproduction of the body.
2. The Prophet functions like the central nervous system in that it connects every part of the body to the Head and is concerned with making sure the message from the head reaches all parts of the body.
3. The Evangelist functions like the muscular/skeletal system in that it enables the body to move forward, reach out and touch those who are lost. He is also the part of the body most recognized by the world establishing the bodies stature and posture in the world.
4. The Shepherd functions like the circulatory system. He/she is the heart of the body and keeps it warm. The shepherd makes sure that good stuff is spread throughout the body to fight off infection and distributes the oxygen needed to be strong.
5. The Teacher functions like the digestive system in that it makes sure that the body is well nourished and able to have the energy and stamina to fulfill the bodies task in this world. And also works to eliminate unhealthy waste.

III. How the Roles Work together and Need each other

A. The distinction of the 4/11 Team roles

B. The spectrum of the 4/11 Team

Apostle>> Prophet>> Evangelist>> Shepherd>> Teacher

More entrepreneurial More managerial
Restless without change Restless with change
Starts new things Keeps things going
An eye on the big picture An eye for details
Primary call is to the lost Primary call to found
Readily takes risks More cautious
Sometimes goes too fast Sometimes goes to slow
More likely to move on More likely to stay in one place

C. The fluidity of the 4/11 Team
1. A leader may emerge in one role and transition to others.
2. Twice Paul describes himself as a teacher, a herald (evangelist) and an apostle (1 Tim. 2:7; 2 Tim. 1:11).
3. Barnabas is among the prophets in Antioch (Acts 13:1) but is an apostle when sent out (Acts 14:14; 1 Cor. 9:1-6).
4. Silas is called a prophet (Acts 15:32) and apostle (1 Thes 2:6).
5. Timothy functions as an apostle (Phil. 2:19; 1 Thess. 2:6; 3:2) but is told to do the work of an evangelist (2 Tim. 4:5).

D. Building a healthy body
1. Apostles: build a sense of mission in the body of Christ and initiate the momentum of multiplication.
2. Prophets: equip the body to hear and obey God’s voice.
3. Evangelists: Fosters a sense of urgency to reach the lost, grow the church through conversions and train people how to do so.
4. Shepherds: make sure the people are caring for one another, healthy and growing strong in Christ and in relationship to one another.
5. Teachers: Make sure the people are feeding on the word of God and growing in their kingdom mindset.

E. Learning from the counterfeits: Lording over and holding God’s people in bondage
1. False apostles (superapostles) want recognition and authority over the churches and Christians.
2. False prophets want to be the ones who hold the secrets to connection with God. Others must hear their message to hear God’s voice. Their message is not God’s voice but is self-serving.
3. False evangelists (judaizers) will enlist others into bondage to works rather than freedom of the Good News.
4. False shepherds (hirelings) want to be paid and consider his/her position as authority, but will not give his/her life for the sheep.
5. False teachers want to make sure that everyone knows that without their help people cannot unlock the mysteries of God’s word. Their doctrine is wrong and creates an unholy dependency.

F. Like begets like
1. Apostles should beget apostles
2. Prophets should beget prophets
3. Evangelists should beget evangelists
4. Shepherds should beget shepherds
5. Teachers should beget teachers


IV. The Goal of the 4/11 Team

A. Reflecting our multifaceted God
1. God is light (1 John 1:5), but in all His glory He is too much for any of us to see all at once.
2. God, and only God, can be all of who He is.
3. A diverse team of leadership is needed to assure that the body of Christ is reflecting the variety of God’s nature, hearing all of His voice and reflecting His glory.
4. When we reject another gift because it is not like ourselves we are rejecting a part of our God and health, wholeness and unity is sacrificed.
5. Christ is the only human that can truly reflect all of who God is…

B. The Ultimate pursuit of the 4/11 Team—The goal is always Christ!
1. Christ is the ultimate apostle (Hebrews 3:1)
2. Christ is the ultimate prophet (Acts 3:22-23)
3. Christ is the ultimate evangelist (Luke 4:18-21)
4. Christ is the Great Shepherd (John 10:11-30; 1 Peter 2:25; 5:4)
5. Christ is the ultimate Teacher (John 13:13-35)

We are all in a process of development. As each of us grows into the likeness of Christ we will all display more of all the 4/11 qualities.

See also the Video:  The Ephesians 4:11 Team (APEST) by Neil Cole

& a Resource:  The 4-1-1 on the 4/11 Team of Eph 4:11

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